What We Do

The Electoral Commission of Ghana is the official body in Ghana responsible for all public elections.

The main functions of the Commission it to undertake the preparation of voter identity cards and issue of voter identity cards.

Other functions include

  • To compile the register of voters and revise it at such periods as may be determined by law

  • To demarcate the electoral boundaries of both national and local government elections

  • To conduct and supervise all public elections and referenda

  • To educate the people on the electoral process and its purpose

  • To undertake programmes for the expansion of the registration of voters

  • To perform such other functions as may be prescribed by law.

The Commission is also assigned other functions in various parts of the Constitution. This includes

  • A role in the creation of new regions or the merger of existing regions.

  • The constitution also empowers the Commission to divide the country into parliamentary constituencies, bearing in mind certain factors; and to review the constituencies at intervals of not less than seven (7) years or within 12 months after the publication of population figures of a national census.

  • It also empowers the Commission to make regulations for the effective performance of its functions.

  • Article 51 empowers the Commission to make regulations for the effective performance of its functions.

  • Article 55 (6) makes the Commission responsible for the registration of political parties.

  • Article 63 (2) assigns to the Commission the responsibility of setting the date for a presidential election.

  • Article 89 (1) empowers the Commission to make regulations for and supervise the election of the regional representatives of the Council of State.

  • Article 290 (4) requires the Commission to hold a referendum in connection with a bill to amend an entrenched provision of the Constitution.

  • Article 46 of the Constitution provides that in performing these functions, “the Electoral Commission shall not be subject to the direction or control of any person or authority”.

 

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